Labor Day Holiday Weekend

 

Labor Day 2

Image credit: The daily Alaskan. (Skagway, Alaska), 05 Sept. 1908. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014189/1908-09-05/ed-1/seq-1/>

This long weekend commemorates Labor Day, a tribute to the hardworking individuals whose efforts created the American labor movement through trade unions. Were it not for labor unions, workers would not have weekends free or the right to collectively bargain. September 5, 1882 marked the inaugural Labor Day, formed by the Central Labor Union in New York City as a “workingman’s holiday”.

Labor Day 4

Image credit: The daily morning Alaskan. (Skagway, Alaska), 02 Sept. 1902. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87062035/1902-09-02/ed-1/seq-1/>

The holiday weekend also meant an opportunity to travel and leisure, as the following clippings from historic Alaska newspapers demonstrate.

Labor Day Celebration: Cordova, Monday, September 5th; Special Excursion Will arrive from Copper River Camps Sunday afternoon and returning will leave here Tuesday morning. Entertainment for All: McCarthy vs. Cordova Ball Teams Will Play Monday, 10:30 a.m. Rifle Shooting Contest; Afternoon of Street Sports; Boxing Contest at 10 am.; Two Dances at 10:30 p.m.; Cordova Band of 20 Pieces Will Furnish Music During the Day; Come to Cordova for Labor Day

Image credit: The Cordova daily times. (Cordova, Alaska), 31 Aug. 1921. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86072239/1921-08-31/ed-1/seq-6/>

Labor 3

Image credit: The Thlinget. (Sitka, Alaska), 01 Sept. 1911. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn94050023/1911-09-01/ed-1/seq-2/>

Labor Day 5

Image credit: Douglas Island news. (Douglas City, Alaska), 06 Sept. 1899. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. <http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84021930/1899-09-06/ed-1/seq-2/>

This Monday, be sure take a moment to reflect back on the contributions of the labor movement to grant workers basic necessities- and a holiday!

 

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Mosquito Season

SCREEN EARLY! You Can Get It at Young's; FLY SCREENS Of All Descriptions; Adjustable Screens in All Sizes. C.W. Young CO. Quality and Service

Image credit: July 10, 1920 issue of the Alaska Daily Empire.

Mosquitoes occupy a special place in the landscape of Alaska. According to a survey from 1961, Alaska is home to approximately 35 individual species of mosquitoes. Their large numbers lend them the label as the unofficial state bird. In fact, the largest North American species of mosquito, the Snow Mosquito, calls Alaska home. In these dog days of summer, it’s worth a look at Alaska historical newspapers covered these pest- besides swatting them with a rolled up issue, of course!

MOSQUITOES EATING MINERS: "Senator" Charley Hill and F.M. Schroeder, who are amongst the old Nomeites who returned from the Inoko yesterday, state that the busiest beings along that river are the mosquitoes. They came down stream on a scow, which was the only thing built by the lumber mill that had been brought in by an enterprising individual, and on which another Nome man, who was their fellow traveler, went pretty near jumping overboard because of the attacks of the stinging insects.

Image credit: from the August 8, 1907 issue of the Nome Daily Nugget.

Female is most deadly: Mosquito Expert Now in Yukon Says Lady Mosquitoes Do All the Biting; The following descriptions of the habits of mosquitoes and also the habits of the famous mosquito expert who has been in the interior will give Alaskans some idea of the nature of the pests. It is from the Dawson News. Harrison G. Dyar, A.M., Ph. D., of the United States National Museum of Washington, D.C., who visited Dawson last week, is one of the greatest, if not the greatest, authorities in the world on mosquitoes. He has devoted years to the study of the mosquito in various countries and under all conditions. He came to the coast some time ago to study the pest; he spent much time in British Columbia, and gathered specimens at all points en route to Dawson. Considerable time was spent at Prince Rupert, and again at Whitehorse. He found the mosquitoes quite common at Whitehorse and secured 4,000 of them there. The mosquitoes, he believes, might be reduced, if not exterminated there by proper drainage and treatment of the water. Some time ago an experiment was made of trying to kill them with kerosene, but it is reported that oil was applied the wrong way, and not sprinkled and generally distributed as it should have been, and desired results were not obtained. At Dawson the doctor secured several hundred mosquitoes. He would have found them much more numerous on the creeks, especially where there are no settlements and little drainage, and on the tundra stretches of new creeks or unoccupied areas. Of the thousands of mosquitoes which the professor captured in the Yukon, he found one single mosquito which he classed as belonging to the malaria carrying class, and none of the others were classified as disease carriers, which explains in one way why Yukon is such a healthy country in the summer.

Image credit: Douglas Island news. (Douglas City, Alaska), 01 Aug. 1919. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

Geologist Talks of Alaskan Mosquito: H.M. Eakin, of Washington, D.C., of the United States geological survey employed in Alaska, yields the palm for bloodthirstiness and general all-around depravity to the Alaskan mosquito. While a geologist and mineralogist, Mr. Eakin has been forced through his many trips through the wilds to become also more or less of an oologist, especially where mosquitoes are concerned, and he has interested himself enough in the matter to collect data as to the habits of the insect. "The Alaskan mosquito has no rivals when it comes to personal bravery, fierceness, and meanness," he said. "I have had much experienced with mosquitoes, including those which reside along the Missouri river in the Dakotas. The Missouri river mosquito has long had a reputation as a ferocious insect, but in comparison to the beaked peril of the North it is merely an incident of travel. The mosquito of the central portions of America has a vacillating character. I might even go as far as to say that it is diffident and shrinking. When a foe comes in sight instead of rushing at the prospective meal this mosquito pauses, hesitates and sings a song to lull the senses of the victim before coming to bayonet range. "The mosquito of Alaska, however, has no scruples nor delicacy. It advances to the attack like a maddened hornet and wastes no time in mental queries as to whether the traveler is impregnated with nicotine or not. It is business first and the bill is presented at once. I am reliably informed that for every square foot of territory there are 150 mosquitoes. Thus as every mosquito disturbed by the forrt of the passerby arises from his down couch and pursues the meal ticket you can readily see that by the time a man has walked a mile or more he has quite a few mosquitoes attached to him as a convoy."

Image credit: The Alaska daily empire. (Juneau, Alaska), 04 June 1915. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

Stay safe outdoors and arm yourself with plenty of insect repellent!

 

 

Additional New Titles on Chronicling America

Iditarod Pioneer; One Dollar Per Month; Iditarod, Alaska, Sunday, July 10, 1910; Two Bits Per Copy; Building the City Rapidly; Iditarod Creeks are Looking Good; Machinery Moving to the Creeks

Image credit: Iditarod pioneer. (Iditarod, Alaska), 10 July 1910. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

Daily Prospector Bulletin; Vol. 4; Alaska Prospector; Valdez Alaska, November 14, 1907; Valdez News; No 9

Image credit: Daily prospector bulletin. (Valdez, Alaska), 14 Nov. 1907. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

Greetings all,

As the Library of Congress continues to process newspaper batches, more new Alaska newspaper titles are appearing each week on Chronicling America.

This past week, 427 issues of the Iditarod Pioneer and 1 issue of the Daily Prospector Bulletin became available to read.

Stay tuned for more Alaska newspaper titles posted!

Project Update: Funding Approved!

Hooray! Hoopla!

Image credit: The daily morning Alaskan. (Skagway, Alaska), 18 March 1902. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

Hello all,

Exciting news on the project front: a representative from the National Endowment for the Humanities contacted the Alaska State Library to notify us that we have been approved for an additional funding cycle from 2018 through 2020. This means that we can continue to produce content for Chronicling America and make historic Alaska newspapers online and text-searchable, free of charge.

In addition, we recently received a phone call from the office of Alaska Senator Lisa Murkowski congratulating us on the work in progress, and on the project thus far.

Work has already started on this next cycle, as we are continuing to digitize and input metadata for the National Digital Newspaper Program.

From all of us at the Alaska State Library, we are thrilled to continue this project for another round, and for patrons to be able to search historic Alaska newspapers online.